To the west of the island of Mallorca we find one of the islets of the Balearic Islands: Sa Dragonera. Protected as a natural space with the category of Natural Park, it is formed by the islets of Pantaleu, Sa Mitjana and the island of Sa Dragonera. With a total of 908 hectares, it is separated from Mallorca by about 800 metres, with little depth and a heavily populated seabed.
Throughout history, and despite the fact that today the islets are uninhabited, there have been signs of a Talayotic settlement. It is thought that Sa Dragonera was used for burials during Roman times, since a Necropolis has been discovered in Cala Es Lladó. Towards 1229, Jaime I conquered Mallorca, and used Sa Dragonera to prepare his attack. Over the years, the islet has passed through several properties, from the Villalonga Family to Joan March. But in 1941 the PAMESA company bought the island with the intention of urbanising it with 1,200 homes, but a strong environmental campaign opposed this and the National Court prevented their construction. Finally, in 1987, the Council of Mallorca bought the island of Sa Dragonera and in 1995 it was declared a Natural Park.
Moving on to its fauna, the name of the island comes from the large number of lizards (dragons in Mallorcan) which inhabit it. The lizards, which are absent in Mallorca because of the environmental changes which human beings have brought about over time, are one of the oldest vertebrate species in the Balearics, along with the midwife toad. It is completely forbidden to feed them, since it could modify their diet and affect other species in Sa Dragonera such as the Adouin's gull, the scorpion, the rat, etc.
In reference to the flora, the Hyperium balearicum is one of the emblematic plants of the Balearic Islands, although it is more common in Sa Dragonera than in the rest of the islands. You can also find the nasturtium, the wild olive tree, the sea onion, the olive tree, among others.
As mentioned, these islets are free of residential buildings. Even so, we find three unique buildings: the defence towers (na Pòpia and Torre de Llebeig), built during the sixteenth century for surveillance and navigational safety; the lights of Sa Dragonera (Faro Viejo, Faro de Llebeig and Faro de Tramuntana); and the mooring of Cala Lladó and the houses.
There are different routes to travel around Sa Dragonera. First, Cala Lladó- Faro de Tramuntana, an itinerary of 1.7 km, which can be completed in about an hour. Its main attraction is the views of the coast of Mallorca. The route of Cala Lladóna Pòpia, with a moderate difficulty and with a gentle slope, is covered in about 3 hours, and is the most attractive excursion of the park, due to the impressive cliffs and views towards the Mallorcan coast. In third place, the Cala Lladó- Faro de Tramuntana route, of about 4.5 km and with a duration of approximately 2 hours and 40 minutes, includes the access and visit to the tower of Llebeig. Finally, the shortest route, Cala Lladó-Na Miranda, is circular and can be done in about 30 minutes; it offers views of the old olive and cereal cultivation areas of Cala Lladó.
To enjoy a trip to Sa Dragonera, don't hesitate to contact Futurtrans to book a bus which will provide you with the best services to enjoy this visit.